During the 8th-13th centuries A.D., southern Suvarnabhumi cities prospered because they were vital ports on the trade route between India and China.
Merchant ships stopped to purchase food and fresh water, or sought shelter from the southern monsoons.
Eventually, these towns banded together to form Srivijaya, a Mahayana Buddhist principality ruled by a King. Srivijaya’s currency was influenced
by the silver coins of the aforementioned Lydia, the first kingdom to produce them.
Srivijayan golden and silver coins were imprinted with a sandalwood flower (Dok Chan)
on one side and the Sanskrit word “Vara” (glory) in 12 m.m. high lettering, on the other.
A large number of these Ngoen Dok Chan coins have been found in Chaiya district
and as far away as Sumatra in what is now Indonesia. Srivijaya was destroyed by Javanese armies in the 13th century.